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A Description of Anxiety Disorders

One of the many mental disorders is anxiety disorder which is characterized by increased anxiety where an individual usually has an unpleasant state of inner turmoil together with some nervous behavior such as pacing back and forth as well as a fast heart rate. The online counsellors are more accessible and convenient to the patients. Another main symptom in people having anxiety disorder is fear which can be described as having a feeling of perceived danger or threat causing some changes in metabolic and organ function as well as ultimate change of behavior. Anxiety disorder can be brought about by a number of reasons such as drugs and substance use, medical conditions such as endocrine disease which leads to hyperactivity of the nervous system and life stresses. Anxiety disorder can also be brought about by inherited genes where there is a family history of mental disorder as well as other risk factors in an individual’s environment such as child abuse, poverty, and persistence of anxiety. Diagnosing an individual with anxiety disorder requires at least six months of observation of certain symptoms related to anxiety disorder such as headache, sweating, hypertension and muscle spasms among others. Anxiety disorders should not cause alarm to patients as it can be countered by the online counselors.

The different types of anxiety disorder include generalized anxiety disorder, specific phobia, social anxiety disorder, separation anxiety disorder, agoraphobia, a panic disorder as well as selective mutism. Generalized anxiety disorder is described by an individual having a long-lasting anxiety which is not focused on any object or situation with an individual experiencing persistent fear and worry with great concern on everyday matter. Specific phobia only occurs when the concerned individual comes across a specific condition or stimulus which can be an animal or a fluid. Stress, fear and also exercises may lead to panic disorder which makes an individual have abrupt fear and discomfort which can occur in just a few minutes and may last for hours and a person shows symptoms such as trembling, shaking, confusion, nausea and difficulty in breathing. Social anxiety disorder is a condition where a person fears being in places where there are people as he/she fears negative public scrutiny, embarrassment, humiliation as well as the normal social interaction. Separation disorder occurs in situations where a person fears from being separated from certain people or places. Selective mutism is similar to social anxiety disorder where an individual is unable to speak in certain locations as well as to specific people.

Lifestyle and behavior change, therapy and medication are some of the treatment methods for anxiety disorder. Some lifestyle and behavior change to control anxiety disorder include stopping drug and substance use, regularizing sleep as well as exercising. Cognitive behavioral therapy which enables one to develop some personal coping strategy while improving cognition behavior and emotional regulation are good for a person suffering from anxiety disorder. Anxiety disorder can also be managed by looking out for online counsellors who can offer free or charged therapy to individuals suffering from the condition. Specialized online counselors can prescribe some medications to anxiety disorder patients.